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Bluntschli, Johann Caspar: Das moderne Völkerrecht der civilisirten Staten. Nördlingen, 1868.

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Amerikanische Kriegsartikel der Vereinigten Staten von 1863.
54.

A hostage is a person accepted as a pledge for the fulfilment
of an agreement concluded between belligerents during the war, or
in consequence of a war. Hostages are rare in the present age.

55.

If a hostage is accepted, he is treated like a prisoner of war,
according to rank and condition, as circumstances may admit.

56.

A prisoner of war is subject to no punishment for being a
public enemy, nor is any revenge wreaked upon him by the inten-
tional infliction of any suffering, or disgrace, by cruel imprisonment,
want of food, by mutilation, death, or any other barbarity.

57.

So soon as a man is armed by a sovereign government, and
takes the soldiers oath of fidelity, he is a belligerent; his killing,
wounding, or other warlike acts, are no individual crimes or offences.
No belligerent has a right to declare that enemies of a certain class,
color, or condition, when properly organized as soldiers, will not be
treated by him as public enemies.

58.

The law of nations knows of no distinction of color, and if an
enemy of the United States should enslave and sell any captured
persons of their army, it would be a case for the severest retaliation,
if not redressed upon complaint.

The United States cannot retaliate by enslavement; therefore
death must be the retaliation for this crime against the law of
nations.

59.

A prisoner of war remains answerable for his crimes committed

31*
Amerikaniſche Kriegsartikel der Vereinigten Staten von 1863.
54.

A hostage is a person accepted as a pledge for the fulfilment
of an agreement concluded between belligerents during the war, or
in consequence of a war. Hostages are rare in the present age.

55.

If a hostage is accepted, he is treated like a prisoner of war,
according to rank and condition, as circumstances may admit.

56.

A prisoner of war is subject to no punishment for being a
public enemy, nor is any revenge wreaked upon him by the inten-
tional infliction of any suffering, or disgrace, by cruel imprisonment,
want of food, by mutilation, death, or any other barbarity.

57.

So soon as a man is armed by a sovereign government, and
takes the soldiers oath of fidelity, he is a belligerent; his killing,
wounding, or other warlike acts, are no individual crimes or offences.
No belligerent has a right to declare that enemies of a certain class,
color, or condition, when properly organized as soldiers, will not be
treated by him as public enemies.

58.

The law of nations knows of no distinction of color, and if an
enemy of the United States should enslave and sell any captured
persons of their army, it would be a case for the severest retaliation,
if not redressed upon complaint.

The United States cannot retaliate by enslavement; therefore
death must be the retaliation for this crime against the law of
nations.

59.

A prisoner of war remains answerable for his crimes committed

31*
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No belligerent has a right to declare that enemies of a certain class,<lb/>
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treated by him as public enemies.</hi> </p>
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                <p> <hi rendition="#aq">The law of nations knows of no distinction of color, and if an<lb/>
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                <p> <hi rendition="#aq">A prisoner of war remains answerable for his crimes committed</hi><lb/>
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[483/0505] Amerikaniſche Kriegsartikel der Vereinigten Staten von 1863. 54. A hostage is a person accepted as a pledge for the fulfilment of an agreement concluded between belligerents during the war, or in consequence of a war. Hostages are rare in the present age. 55. If a hostage is accepted, he is treated like a prisoner of war, according to rank and condition, as circumstances may admit. 56. A prisoner of war is subject to no punishment for being a public enemy, nor is any revenge wreaked upon him by the inten- tional infliction of any suffering, or disgrace, by cruel imprisonment, want of food, by mutilation, death, or any other barbarity. 57. So soon as a man is armed by a sovereign government, and takes the soldiers oath of fidelity, he is a belligerent; his killing, wounding, or other warlike acts, are no individual crimes or offences. No belligerent has a right to declare that enemies of a certain class, color, or condition, when properly organized as soldiers, will not be treated by him as public enemies. 58. The law of nations knows of no distinction of color, and if an enemy of the United States should enslave and sell any captured persons of their army, it would be a case for the severest retaliation, if not redressed upon complaint. The United States cannot retaliate by enslavement; therefore death must be the retaliation for this crime against the law of nations. 59. A prisoner of war remains answerable for his crimes committed 31*

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URL zu diesem Werk: http://www.deutschestextarchiv.de/bluntschli_voelkerrecht_1868
URL zu dieser Seite: http://www.deutschestextarchiv.de/bluntschli_voelkerrecht_1868/505
Zitationshilfe: Bluntschli, Johann Caspar: Das moderne Völkerrecht der civilisirten Staten. Nördlingen, 1868, S. 483. In: Deutsches Textarchiv <http://www.deutschestextarchiv.de/bluntschli_voelkerrecht_1868/505>, abgerufen am 17.02.2019.